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Pictures of Dog Skin Allergies & Rashes [Vet Advice]

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One of the most common and distressing medical issues that dogs face is skin allergies and rashes: I see an average of 10 dogs a week with skin allergies and rashes in my veterinary practice. In the hot months, this number increases. Not only are the dogs miserable, but the owners are also!

The first thing I always do is obtain a very thorough history so that I can start to find the reason why the dog is having the issue.

What causes skin rashes and allergy bumps in dogs?

There are many different reasons that your dog may be itchy and have a rash, and it is imperative to find the underlying cause so your dog can find relief. Top reasons include:

  • Environmental Allergies/Atopy
  • Food allergies
  • Flea allergies
  • Bacterial or yeast/fungal infections
  • Mange
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Endocrine diseases
  • Poor hygiene

What are the signs of skin allergy bumps and rashes in dogs?

The two most common signs in dogs with skin allergies and rashes are:

  1. scratching (indicating itching) and
  2. redness of the skin.

Affected dogs may scratch their ears and body with their hind feet, lick their legs, paws, and abdomen, or rub their heads and bodies on the floor. Often the dog exhibits these uncomfortable signs constantly and may have trouble getting comfortable or sleeping.

Depending on the cause, dogs may have:

  • bumps,
  • crusts,
  • collarettes,
  • flaking skin,
  • salivary staining,
  • thickened skin, and even
  • moist, weeping skin.

Which of these skin allergy bumps and rashes does your dog have? [With Pictures]

The bumps and rashes that you may see on dogs vary, and their appearance can often give clues to their cause. Some of the most common include:

1. Moist Dermatitis (Hot Spots)

allergic moist dermatitis skin issue on a dog - hot spot

Hot spots, technically known as acute moist dermatitis, are red, inflamed areas of skin that can seem to appear overnight. These spots may occur anywhere on a dog but are most common behind and under the ear and on the hips.

The area will be moist and typically have some purulent oozing. Often there is matted fur covering and hiding the hot spot. Though not life-threatening, these lesions can make dogs absolutely miserable.

hot spot on a dog

Treatment consists of shaving the hair from around the edges and on the hot spot, antibiotics if an infection is present, and anti-inflammatories. The most important part of treatment is addressing the underlying cause, as the dog will get more hot spots if this cause is not addressed. Causes are varied and include fleas, allergies, and other infections, such as ear infections. Almost anything that causes a dog to scratch can result in a hot spot. Costs of treatment will depend on the underlying cause but average between $150-$500.

If your dog has a hot spot, you need to take them to see their veterinarian as soon as possible. In the meantime, you can try putting an Elizabethan collar on them to keep them from further traumatizing the hot spot, as well as a soothing topical such as Benadryl cream.

2. Allergies to the environment

Allergies to substances in the environment (Atopy/Allergic dermatitis) can manifest as skin lesions in dogs. In a dog that suffers from atopy, the dog’s immune system overreacts to an airborne allergen in their environment.


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environment / Atopy Allergic dermatitis skin issue on dog

These allergies are typically genetic and appear for the first time between 1 and 3 years of age. However, a move to a new area may trigger allergies in an older dog. The signs are most commonly observed seasonally, meaning they come and go throughout the year as the allergens in the environment change.

environment / Atopy Allergic dermatitis skin issue on dog (2)

These allergies are typically genetic and appear for the first time between 1 and 3 years of age. However, a move to a new area may trigger allergies in an older dog. The signs are most commonly observed seasonally, meaning they come and go throughout the year as the allergens in the environment change.

Diagnosing atopy can be difficult. Though the signs may point to an allergy, deciphering the offending substance can be nearly impossible because these allergens are typically airborne. Allergy testing is available through board-certified veterinary dermatologists in the form of skin prick testing.

There are many strategies for treating atopy. First, any current skin infection needs to be treated. Then your veterinarian will prescribe medicines, supplements, and shampoos that are appropriate for your individual dog. Some trial and error is typically involved in finding out what works the best for your dog. It is very important to remember that allergies in dogs, like humans, are never cured, only managed.

Costs for treating environmental allergies can range from $200-$1,000 depending on the diagnostics and treatments performed.

If you cannot see your veterinarian right away, call and ask them about temporary comfort measures such as over-the-counter oral antihistamines and shampoos. Never give your dog any medication without your veterinarian’s approval.

3. Food allergies

Food allergies in dogs present differently than environmental allergies. Food allergies tend to manifest as redness or bumps on the dog’s abdomen or gastrointestinal issues such as diarrhea.

food allergy redness on a dog

Another distinguishing feature is that food allergies tend to occur year-round, in contrast to atopy, which is typically seasonal.

To diagnose a food allergy, your veterinarian will have you feed either a nonallergenic, hydrolyzed or a novel protein diet to your dog for at least eight weeks. This is called a food trial. It is essential not to feed our dog anything else during this trial, including treats and flavored medications. It may take the entire eight weeks to see a difference, so do not stop early. These foods are available by prescription from your veterinarian. Once the dog has ceased showing allergy signs, your veterinarian may have you slowly add in new proteins and foods to see what triggers the dog’s signs. Contrary to many popular myths, beef, chicken, and dairy are the most common food allergens in dogs [Reference 1].

Food allergies in dogs present differently than environmental allergies. Food allergies tend to manifest as redness or bumps on the dog’s abdomen or gastrointestinal issues such as diarrhea. Another distinguishing feature is that food allergies tend to occur year-round, in contrast to atopy, which is typically seasonal.

To diagnose a food allergy, your veterinarian will have you feed either a nonallergenic, hydrolyzed or a novel protein diet to your dog for at least eight weeks. This is called a food trial. It is essential not to feed our dog anything else during this trial, including treats and flavored medications. It may take the entire eight weeks to see a difference, so do not stop early. These foods are available by prescription from your veterinarian. Once the dog has ceased showing allergy signs, your veterinarian may have you slowly add in new proteins and foods to see what triggers the dog’s signs. Contrary to many popular myths, beef, chicken, and dairy are the most common food allergens in dogs[JW1] .

Costs to diagnose and treat food allergies may include treating the itching and skin infection that may be present and a diet for a food trial. These costs may range from $100-$300.

If you cannot see your dog’s veterinarian immediately, you can try changing their food and seeing if the signs of food allergy resolve. However, many over-the-counter foods may be contaminated with unknown allergens, and guessing about different proteins can be expensive and time-consuming.

4. Mange

Diagnosing mange in dogs involves a veterinarian scraping the hair follicles and examining the scraping under a high-power microscope. Demodex mites are fairly easy to find, while Sarcoptes mites may not be seen.

Disclaimer: This website's content is not meant to be a substitute for veterinary care. Always consult with your local veterinarian for health decisions. Learn more.

mange on dog

There are two main types of mange that affect dogs, demodectic and sarcoptic. Demodectic mange is caused by the Demodex mite and most commonly causes patchy hair loss in younger dogs. This condition is not itchy and not contagious. Sarcoptic mange, caused by Sarcoptes mites, is very itchy and is contagious to both other animals and humans.

Diagnosing mange in dogs involves a veterinarian scraping the hair follicles and examining the scraping under a high-power microscope. Demodex mites are fairly easy to find, while Sarcoptes mites may not be seen.

Treatment will include medications to kill the mites, as well as antibiotics for secondary infections and pain. Costs vary from $100-$300.

Mange must be diagnosed and treated by a licensed veterinarian. Home remedies are dangerous and ineffective.

5. Ringworm

Despite the name, ringworm is not, in fact, a worm. Ringworm is a fungal infection that is contagious between animals and humans. The lesions are typically circular and lose hair in a concentrical widening outwards. The very outer ring is often scaly. Dogs may have one lesion up to hundreds.

ringworm allergy issues on a dog

Treatment of ringworm will depend on the size and number of lesions, as well as the dog’s overall health. Typically oral medications, topical creams, and shampoos will be prescribed. Costs range from $100-$300.

Owners that suspect ringworm may try treating the lesions with an over-the-counter antifungal cream, but be careful as this may not be effective and it is not a good idea to treat a lesion unless you are sure you are treating the right thing. Not seeking professional help right away may result in unneeded suffering for your dog, a worsening of their condition, and the spread of contagious disease to others.

6. Flea allergy

https://www.shutterstock.com/image-photo/whitehaired-dogs-butt-sits-on-ground-1943545321

Fleas cause all dogs to bite and scratch themselves. However, some dogs are truly allergic to fleas and may have an allergic reaction to the presence, even if fleeting, of a single flea. Flea allergy dermatitis typically presents as a red, inflamed, and scabby hind end, just above the tail head. Fleas may or may not be seen.

flea allergy skin issues on a dog

Treatment for flea allergy dermatitis consists of immaculate flea control, antibiotics for secondary infections, and anti-inflammatories. Costs typically range from $100-$300.

Over the counter flea, preventatives are available but are often ineffective, including flea collars. Flea collars tend to rid the dog of fleas on their neck but not in other areas. Reactions are also common with these over the counter collars. Ask your veterinarian which flea preventative is best for your dog.

7. Endocrine disease/Hypothyroidism

https://www.shutterstock.com/image-photo/english-bulldog-breed-dog-hair-loss-664259233

Hypothyroidism and many other endocrine diseases can result in hair loss and rashes in dogs. The hair loss is often in a particular pattern that may give your veterinarian an idea of the issue.

Diagnosing these diseases requires a thorough physical exam, history, and blood tests.

The treatment for endocrine disease varies with the disease. Hypothyroidism is treated with a daily supplementation medication. Costs will vary depending on the blood testing and medications needed but range from $250-$500. These medications will likely need to be given for life.

There is no home treatment for an endocrine disease. If you suspect your dog may be hypothyroid or have another endocrine issue, make an appointment with your veterinarian as soon as possible.

8. Autoimmune disease

https://www.shutterstock.com/image-photo/german-shepherd-dog-face-allergic-rhinitis-2051786285

Autoimmune diseases can result in redness, inflammation, and crusting of the skin. Most commonly, the skin around the nose, mouth, and eyes is affected first. Diagnosis consists of a skin biopsy that will be interpreted by a veterinary pathologist.

Autoimmune disease on dog's nose and skin

Treatment of autoimmune disorders will consist of immune-suppressing medications. Costs vary depending on the condition and the needed medications but may be between $500-$1,000 with diagnostics. These conditions are not curable and may need to be treated throughout the dog’s life.

There is no home treatment for autoimmune diseases, and any dog suspected of an autoimmune issue should see their veterinarian as soon as possible.

Diagnosing skin allergy bumps and rashes in dogs

Diagnosis of skin allergies, bumps, and rashes in dogs will depend on the dog’s clinical signs and history. Necessary diagnostics may include:

  • skin scrapings,
  • tape preparations,
  • biopsies,
  • allergy testing, and
  • food trials.

Your veterinarian has years of experience with diagnosing these conditions and can help you to make a diagnostic and treatment plan.

What is the fastest way to cure skin allergy bumps and rashes?

Dogs with skin allergies, bumps, and rashes are often miserable, and their owners want to help them as quickly as possible. With so many varied causes of these issues, the best way to address them quickly is to see your veterinarian. Getting a correct diagnosis will ensure proper and timely treatment.

What is the prognosis of skin allergy bumps and rashes in dogs?

Skin issues in dogs are rarely life-threatening, but they can ruin a dog’s quality of life. The prognosis, with proper treatment, for most conditions is good. However, keep in mind that many of these issues, such as allergies, are not curable and will require lifelong management.

How long does it take for dog allergy symptoms to go away?

With proper and timely treatment, most dogs should begin to feel better within a few days. The major exception to this is the case of food allergies, which can take weeks to resolve.

Costs of treatment

Average costs incurred for treating skin issues in dogs range from $100-$1,000 but are highly variable and depend on the necessary diagnostics and treatments. Dogs with lifelong conditions, such as allergies, autoimmune disease, and endocrine disease will require long-term maintenance and treatment.

Are treatments covered by insurance or out of pocket?

For dogs that are covered by pet health insurance, many plans do include coverage for the diagnostics and treatments needed for skin issues. However, each plan has different exclusions, and pet health insurance plans rarely cover pre-existing conditions.

How can I treat my dog’s skin allergy at home?

Unfortunately, dogs are not small humans, and allergy medications, such as antihistamines, that give us relief from allergies are not typically effective in dogs. Bathing with soothing shampoos and ensuring your dog is protected from fleas can be helpful.

What dog food is best for skin allergies? Are there home recipes that would work well?

Food is only a concern for dogs with true food allergies, though there are supplements that may help dogs with other skin conditions, such as Omega-3 fatty acids. In food allergic dogs, you must keep the offending allergen out of the dog’s diet. This is most easily accomplished by feeding commercially prepared nonallergenic or novel protein diets. If you desire to cook for your dog at home, make sure you are offering a complete and balanced diet. I recommend utilizing the board-certified veterinary nutritionists at www.BalanceIt.com for formulation.

What should you avoid if your dog has skin allergy issues?

If your dog is prone to skin issues, you should make sure to keep them clean and well-groomed at all times. You may also need to avoid certain areas and activities, such as dense grass or swimming, if they affect your dog’s allergies.

How to prevent recurring skin allergy bumps and rashes in dogs

The first step to preventing skin issues in dogs is finding out what skin issue your dog suffers from. Then, there are preventative measures, such as flea control, food, supplements, and medications that can keep the issue under control.

Can you treat skin allergy bumps and rashes without going to the vet?

Because there are so many varied causes of skin allergies, bumps, and rashes in dogs, it is not a good idea to try to treat your dog at home. Treating the dog incorrectly will not only prolong the time that they suffer but may actually make the issue worse, resulting in higher veterinary bills in the long run.

Can I get antibiotics for my dog without seeing a vet?

No, antibiotics are prescription medications and should only be used under the direction of a licensed veterinarian. All antibiotics are not the same. These drugs treat different things, and it is imperative to get the correct medication and dose for your dog and their illness. Incorrect use of antibiotics leads to

When to visit an emergency vet

If your dog is bleeding, lethargic, not eating, has a fever, or is extremely uncomfortable, it may be prudent to take them to an emergency veterinarian if you cannot see their regular veterinarian right away.

resistance and superbugs and is dangerous for both you and your dog.

FAQs about Dog Skin Allergy Issues

Can I get a rash from my dog?

There are some diseases, such as ringworm and sarcoptic mange, that are contagious to humans. If you have concerns that you have contracted a rash from your dog, the dog needs to be seen by their veterinarian, and you should contact your physician.

Does apple cider vinegar help dogs’ itchy skin?

No, in fact the acidity may actually burn and further irritate the skin, leading to more serious issues and increased scratching and discomfort.

What can a dog with allergies not eat?

Allergies are dog-dependent, just as they are in humans. What causes a reaction in one dog may be fine for another. If your dog has a food allergy, you need to work with your veterinarian to decipher the allergy and how to avoid it.


[Reference 1] Mueller, R.S., Olivry, T. & Prélaud, P. Critically appraised topic on adverse food reactions of companion animals (2): common food allergen sources in dogs and cats. BMC Vet Res 12, 9 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12917-016-0633-8

Author

  • Dr. Jamie Whittenburg is the Director and Owner of Kingsgate Animal Hospital, a a full-service animal hospital providing comprehensive pet healthcare services in Lubbock, TX. She graduated from Kansas State University's College of Veterinary Medicine (DVM).

Disclaimer: This website's content is not meant to be a substitute for veterinary care, diagnosis, or treatment. Always consult with your veterinarian to determine the best course of action. Read More.

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