The information on SeniorTailWaggers.com, including text, graphics, images, and other material contained on this site is for educational purposes only. The content is not meant to be a substitute for professional veterinarian advice, diagnosis, or treatment.

Always seek advice from your veterinarian if you have any concerns regarding your pet’s medical condition. Never disregard expert guidance or put off obtaining it because of anything you’ve read on this website.

If you believe your pet is suffering from a medical problem, call or visit your veterinarian or a local veterinary emergency hospital right away. SeniorTailWaggers.com does not recommend or advocate the use of any specific tests, treatments, methods, viewpoints, or other information mentioned on this website.

You assume any and all risks associated with the use of any material on this website.

Always seek the advice of your veterinarian who will be able to perform tests and exams to determine the best course of action for your pet.

Never give any supplements, food, or medication to your pet without first consulting with your veterinarian.

Author

  • Dr. Winnie earned a Bachelor of Science in Psychology from Duke University, a Masters of Science in Biology from St Georges University, and graduated from the University of Pretoria Veterinary School in South Africa. She is a full-time Veterinarian in South Africa specializing in internal medicine for large breed dogs.